PACE criticized the Verkhovna Rada for the fact that it had not consulted with the Venice Commission regarding the law on education
On Thursday, the parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted a resolution about “obstacles to teaching in the native language of national minorities”, which, according to the authors, creates a new Ukrainian law on education. Ukraine demands from neighbors mirror the standards of learning for Ukrainian minorities.
The document criticizes the rule that, by 2020, students of schools of national minorities in Ukraine will be Ukrainian as the language of national minorities will become a separate discipline (now the situation is reversed – the training is conducted in minority languages, and the Ukrainian language is studied separately).
However, the law provides that education in the native language of iconsin possible in kindergarten and in primary school (grades 1-4). In high school, students will have to switch to the Ukrainian language. The minority language can be taught as a separate subject. Also in the minority language may teach national history and literature.
The law established a transitional period – the beginning of teaching of the Ukrainian language in high school must take place no later than 2020.
The Ukrainian delegation voted against the resolution. Also voted against only one Deputy – from Britain – while the rest of the delegations the document or supported, or abstained.
And although the PACE decision is only Advisory in nature, the debate about it has turned hot.
Petro Poroshenko has promised that Ukraine will take into account the conclusions of the Venice Commission
“Ukraine’s desire to maintain its national language understandable, because this was not done the previous 20 years, but it’s a very complicated process to be done in three years. Therefore, the anxiety of national minorities is understandable,” – said one of the authors of the resolution, the Estonian Anders Herkel.
He called the Ukrainian law “inconsistent” and expressed surprise why the Verkhovna Rada had not consulted with the Venice Commission, before its adoption.
On the eve of President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, who was speaking at the PACE session, said that Kyiv will take into account all the findings of the Commission. The recommendations themselves are expected before the end of the year.
The fact that the Venice Commission was not consulted, has provoked the most criticism from opponents of Ukraine in this question, the most active of which was the neighboring Romania, Hungary and Moldova.
How many Ukrainian schools in neighboring States
- In Hungary operates only two Ukrainian schools, but both Sunday.
- In Romania – one is Ukrainian Lyceum. However, the study must be written in Ukrainian, not in all lessons: pedagogy, history and part social-humanitarian subjects are taught in Romanian.
- In Russia, the Ukrainian schools there.
In particular, Vlad Batrinu with the Pro-Russian socialist party of Moldova has called the introduction of the law to the Commission after the adoption of “deceit.”
“Ukraine denies the identity of the 250 thousand representatives of the Moldovan people, who live on its territory”, – said the Moldovan politician.
“In Ukraine there is an assimilation of wild primitive nationalism”, he added and called for the repeal the new law.
A Romanian Viorel Badea accused the Parliament that it had not consulted with ethnic minorities. The Ukrainian delegation repeatedly denied.
“Many years ago, the Romanian President met with the Ukrainian, I was at that meeting. And the Ukrainian President did not speak Ukrainian!” – said the Romanian Deputy.
However, it is not clear whether this is an argument in favor of the Ukrainian language in Ukraine should study less, or Vice versa.
Konstantin Usov: “For the law and others who bring Ukraine closer to European traditions, we paid more than 10 thousand Ukrainians”
At the same time, critics of Ukraine focused – they support its territorial integrity.
“Why did we become enemies and agents of Putin”, – surprised the other Romanian representative Titus Carcelen.
“This is not in order to create some advantage for Russia, and to secure democracy in Ukraine,” explained the Romanian.
And his compatriot Attila Corod added that the neighboring country – “this is your bridge to Europe, not Zamkovaya these bridges”.
Not niemozliwy was the discussion between the representative of Ukraine Konstantin Usov and Hungarian Zsolt Nemeth.
“For Ukraine, this law – on education. For others, whose cries can be heard, it seems that it’s about something else,” said Mr. Mustache.
He compared the criticism of the existing law, “the reproaches of Russia” on the protection of ethnic Russians in the Crimea and in the Donbass, which preceded the annexation and conflict.
“You have to understand that this law and others that bring Ukraine closer to European traditions, we paid more than 10 thousand Ukrainians”, – said Ukrainian Deputy.
“If you have problems with Russia, why do you worsen relations with the countries that support you? Why are you creating instability in the West of the country? Who here actually represents the interests of the Kremlin?” – addressed to Konstantin Usov, the head of the Hungarian delegation Zsolt Nemeth.
A political decision?
Hungarian Zsolt Nemeth: “If you have problems with Russia, why do you worsen relations with the countries that support you?”
In the end, the PACE adopted a resolution and introduced it in a number of critical amendments.
By the way, Konstantin Usov wrote in Facebook that several of these amendments have been made possible due to the fact that one of the members of the Ukrainian delegation did not just come to a meeting of the PACE Committee on culture, which had considered them.
The resolution, in particular, argues that the Ukrainian law, “it seems, does not adhere to the balance between the official language and languages of national minorities, as well as “significantly restricts the rights previously recognized national minorities regarding their own language in education.”
At the same time, the document calls upon the neighbouring countries to adopt the same standards in respect of education for the Ukrainian minority, which they are demanding from Ukraine.
Head of the Ukrainian delegation Volodymyr Ariev after the vote noted that in its resolution PACE was more guided by politics than professionally engaged in minority rights.
“But the tragedy of this resolution to do,” he concluded. And added that the main requirement of the document is to consider the conclusions of the Venice Commission.