Extreme weather threatens the safety, welfare and the human environment, experts say meteorologists.
Current, 2017, the year may be one of the three hottest years on record, with record levels of extreme weather. This is stated in the preliminary statement of the experts of the world meteorological organization (WMO) on the state of the climate published on Monday, November 6th, the opening day of the Bonn UN climate change conference.
According to the statement, the global average temperature from January to September 2017 were approximately 1.1 degrees Celsius higher than pre-industrial times. Climate changes and such recorded weather events, catastrophic storms and floods, debilitating heat waves and droughts, affect the safety, welfare and environment of the person noted in the text.
In General, the period from 2013 to 2017 will be the warmest five years on record, and the warmest year is likely to remain in 2016 because of a powerful phenomenon El niño, while the 2015 and 2017 will take second or third place.
“We have seen extraordinary weather, including temperatures exceeding 50 degrees Celsius in Asia, record hurricanes in the Caribbean and the Atlantic, reached the coast of Ireland, the devastating monsoon floods, which impact on the lives of many millions of people, and relentless drought in East Africa,” said WMO Secretary General petteri Taalas.
The main cause of climate change Taalas called “the concentration of greenhouse gases due to human activities”.
Among the main threats in the WMO statement called food security of millions of people in developing countries, the overall risk of illness and death due to excessive heat and the increasing number of refugees. About 30% of the world’s population currently lives in extreme climatic conditions.
We will remind, in August of this year in Europe is experiencing a record heat over the last decade – in some regions, the temperature rose to 42°C.
Source: Russian service of DW