Scientists discovered in the oceans almost 200 thousand new kinds of viruses
About it reports CNN TV channel.
As reported, the study was conducted by scientists from Ohio state University.
Matthew Sullivan, a microbiologist and employee of the University is one of the study’s authors. He called the results a “roadmap” for understanding how viruses affect the ecosystem of the oceans.
Researchers claim that nearly 60% of the biomass of the earth’s oceans have on microbes. The latter are a very important factor of influence on ocean ecosystems, but they have been studied only in some regions. And now for the life of these organisms affect marine viruses.
Scientists collected samples of water in different parts of the World ocean and at varying depths in the period from 2009 to 2013. Then these samples, after filtration, were sent to dozens of different laboratories. At the end of the study, the researchers found 195728 viruses. They were able not only to identify in the oceans five ecological habitats of viruses but also to detect the focus of their biodiversity in the Arctic (previously it was thought that the polar region will be poorer from this point of view). Scientists say that such a map of the distribution of marine viruses will help you understand which of them you need to pay special attention. In addition, the results of the study demonstrate that viruses should be a mandatory part of models of the ocean’s ecosystems.
Matthew Sullivan announced that from now on, when scientists know that the Arctic is inhabited so many types of viruses, they can figure out which part of this biodiversity will be lost due to climate change. The study also creates the data array that are of interest in biotechnology. Also, the obtained results will help scientists better understand how viruses affect the Earth’s atmosphere and how they can contribute to mitigation of climate change.
Recall that scientists have warned the inhabitants of the planet of the unprecedented threat from outer space.
As reported Politeka, scientists have noticed the effect of voids on the elementary particle of light.
Also Politeka wrote that in Peru during the excavations, archaeologists discovered hundreds of Guinea pigs sacrificed to the gods.