The Ukraine five years ago signed an Association agreement with the European Union. One of the obligations under the agreement – the reform, which concerns food safety
The Ministry of agrarian policy and food noted that the introduction of EU standards is one of the strategic directions of development of the food industry, says “Hvilya”.
The “Ukrainian food industry is a powerful industry in agriculture, but we see a huge potential for development. Introducing new standards and systems of quality management in enterprises moving from export of raw materials to export finished products, we provide a new level of competitiveness of Ukrainian goods, contribute to the expansion of markets and improving the credibility and image of Ukraine as a whole”, – said Elena Kovaleva, Deputy Minister of agrarian policy.
Now the food industry provides one-fifth of industrial production of Ukraine. So, in 2018 the volume of sales of food, beverages and tobacco products reached 504 billion, or 20.1% in total volume of industrial products sold.
To resolve the marking of products according to the norms of the European Union Parliament adopted a law in late 2018, providing a large number of changes:
set a minimum font size of 0.9 mm, the text must be legible, do not overlap different graphic elements and to blend in with the background;
must be given information about food additives and auxiliary substances that cause allergic reactions or intolerance. This information should stand out in a different color;
necessarily indication on the packaging about whether a food product defrosting. Menu cafes, restaurants and other catering establishments will also need to define the allergens in the dishes;
information about the nutritional value of some products had become unnecessary. This provision applies to products that are “not recycled or for which the nutritional information is not the determining factor in making consumer decisions about their purchase”;
fresh fruits and vegetables, alcohol, bread and sweets, and also salt, sugar and vinegar may not specify the shelf life;
if necessary, we will specify the storage conditions under which the product will not lose its properties;
all of the above information must be disclosed when selling goods online;
if a food product is not stored for more than three months, the date is sufficient to indicate the day and month of production.
If a food product is stored more than three months but less than 18 months, the date is sufficient to indicate the month and year, but if the product is stored for more than 18 months of the date sufficient to indicate the year of production.
market operators will voluntarily specify the minimum shelf life for the products Packed directly in the stores or sold in bulk.
If the violation of the labelling requirements, legal entities can be fined 15 minimum wages (the minimum wage will be UAH 4173 1 January 2019), i.e. 62 565 UAH, natural persons-entrepreneurs in the amount of 10 minimum wages – 41 730 UAH.
The first provisions of the law will come into force in may 2019. However, in the document there are articles which will come into effect later, in two or three years. A transitional period, during which all market participants will be able to reformatted to new standards.
In July 2018, the Parliament adopted the law on organic products, in effect banning the use of such baseless labels like “bio”, “eco”, “organic”, are widely prescribed for a variety of goods ranging from alcohol and ending with detergents. The law entered into early 2019.
So, use the above designation is possible only by having the certificate that proves the membership to organic production. Violation of such rules carries severe penalties, both for producers and for market operators. In December 2017 Rada adopted the law “On safety and hygiene of feed.” Will enter into force it through 2 years from the date of its publication (late 2019). And the requirements for labelling, presentation and packaging of feed come into force after 3 years from the date of publication. The law provides more strict control over the food market in Ukraine and allows to provide high quality and safe animal feed. These changes directly relate to Ukrainian consumers, because the diet of animals affects animal products – from meat to milk, eggs and cheese.
New food products are substantially different from anything available on the market. For example, synthetic meat and products, the impact of which on human organism has not been investigated.
In Ukraine the draft law on the newest products tried to adopt back in 2012, but then it withdrew, and this area is still not regulated in the country. Now the production and trafficking of such products is governed by only one article of the law “About the basic principles and requirements for safety and quality of foodstuff”.
The main requirement to such products is their safety, to prevent cases of poisoning and negative effects on the human body, and therefore needs to be developed the corresponding bill.
At the beginning of 2019 Rada rejected the draft law “On requirements to items and materials that come into contact with foodstuffs”. However, this is an important aspect that also needs to be regulated. In the “Ukrainian center of European politics” tell us that now the bill is finalized and the main emphasis is on the fact that packaging materials are safe for the consumer and do not affect the quality of the products.
According to the European standards, the packaging should not change the taste, color, smell and quality of the product and its production should also be monitored.
The EU is now actively refuse plastic packaging and plastic in General. The European Parliament recently passed a bill that from 2021 on the territory of the EU countries banned the production and sale of disposable plastic articles, particularly tableware and straws for drinks.
Ukraine in this direction is what makes a successful and active steps, although the refusal of plastic bags it is quite a long time. However, the fact that we have implemented European standards has a positive impact on the food industry and brings it to a new level.
Recall that the cost of petroleum products on the Ukrainian filling stations continues to fall and thereby to delight motorists.
As reported Politeka, the price of cigarettes will grow in Ukraine.
Also Politeka wrote that food prices in Ukraine are preparing another leap, selectively increases of meat and cereals.