Laryngitis in adults and children: symptoms and treatment

Ларингит у взрослых и детей: симптомы и лечение

During laryngitis inflammation larynx, resulting hoarseness appears or even lost his voice. If not properly treated, the disease can develop into chronic stage. How to deal with laryngitis?

The contents

  • 1 Laryngitis: symptoms
  • 2 Acute laryngitis
  • 3 Chronic laryngitis
  • 4 Constrictive laryngitis
  • 5 Laryngitis after SARS
  • 6 Laryngitis in adults
  • 7 Laryngitis in children
  • 8 Laryngitis: what to treat?

Laryngitis: symptoms

Main symptoms: excessive accumulation of mucus in the larynx, cough, hoarseness and voice loss, difficulty during swallowing, there is a “lump” and pain in the throat, shortness of breath, can be a fever. If laryngitis develops in parallel with the flu or the common cold, there are swollen tonsils, fatigue, lethargy and headache.

Acute laryngitis

In acute laryngitis inflamed mucous membrane of the larynx. This disease can be both separate and manifests itself along with SARS, influenza, rheumatism, gout or blood disorders.

Also the development of the disease contributes to hypothermia, adverse room conditions (dust, hot dry air, and increased background noise) and a big load on the vocal apparatus. Acute laryngitis may disturb the patient because of an injury, chemical or thermal burn of the throat.

Ларингит у взрослых и детей: симптомы и лечение

Chronic laryngitis

Chronic laryngitis occurs due to Smoking, alcohol, allergies and diabetes. The reason why this ailment can be a kidney disease, curvature of the walls of the nose, hormonal disorders, menopause and continuous load on the vocal apparatus.

Constrictive laryngitis

Stenosing laryngitis is also called false croup. It often bothers patients due to the impact of viral infections (measles, parainfluenza, influenza and adenovirus). Less common causative agents are: herpes, chickenpox, and whooping cough. The incubation period is 2 or 3 days. Three main features about croup: coughing, hoarseness and noisy breathing.

Laryngitis after SARS

Most people turn to doctors in connection with laryngitis, which caused acute respiratory viral infections. They have voice changing, totally or partially lost his voice, there is sore throat, fever and increased lymph nodes.

Laryngitis in adults

In addition to the emergence of infectious laryngitis in adults the problem starts with the larynx after prolonged singing, public speaking and talking tough. In this case, you can do without medication, because recovery is faster. Just need some time not to load the vocal cords.

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Ларингит у взрослых и детей: симптомы и лечение

Laryngitis in children

In children laryngitis about the same as in adults. You need to remember that laryngitis can cause complications if the baby is treated improperly.

The most dangerous complication observed in very young children. This is stenosis or narrowing of the lumen of the larynx. If time does not pay attention to this disease, there is a danger of obstruction of air in the respiratory tract that can lead to death.

Laryngitis: what to treat?

The first five/seven days doctors recommend patients do not eat too cold, hot, sharp or spicy food. You also need to stop talking.

Laryngitis, treatment can help drug therapy if the disease is severe. This will help reduce inflammation and improve mucus production. If there is no organic damage to the ligaments, as a rule, the disease resolves spontaneously within seven days. If there are acute, it is better to seek medical help.