The Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial herbaceous plant with a height of about a meter and a half (sometimes up to four) with a straight, pubescent stems, ovate leaves and yellow inflorescences-baskets, with a diameter of 6-10 see
The Jerusalem artichoke is a perennial herbaceous plant with a height of about a meter and a half (sometimes up to four) with a straight, pubescent stems, ovate leaves and yellow inflorescences-baskets, with a diameter of 6-10 cm In the nest is 1-3 stems, up to 30 tubers on short stolons, which are compactly collected. Roots at a depth of 10-15 cm away horizontally to 4-4,5 m in loose soil, and vertically up to 1.3 m, which allows plants to withstand drought. In one place can grow up to 30 years. The tubers weigh from 20 – 30 to 100 grams, different colors (depending on variety) – white, yellow, pink, purple, red; flesh tender, juicy, with pleasant sweet taste, informs Rus.Media.
The plant is also known as “artichoke” and “Jerusalem artichoke”. In the wild the plant is found in North America.
The tubers are edible. Cultivated as a valuable fodder, technical and food plant.
The name of this plant comes from one of the tribes of Indians of Chile, topinambo. They somehow already in the most ancient times cultivated this plant as well, as we cultivated potatoes. However, Jerusalem artichoke is very similar to it. And according to the method of growth, and the use (in food used the roots of plants). The tubers of Jerusalem artichoke, like the potato, can be of different shapes and different colors, but, unlike them, are not so smooth shape. But the stalk of a plant – direct, pubescent, reaching a height of 2 or even 3 meters, very similar to the sunflower.
He really is a “relative” of a sunflower, has a similar yellow blossoms in the form of baskets, but smaller (6 to 10 cm) at the top splits. The leaves of Jerusalem artichoke are ovate with scalloped edges.
Healthy properties of Jerusalem artichoke
Scientists studying the composition of the Jerusalem artichoke, was surprised by the variety of vitamins and minerals included in its composition. The iron content of Jerusalem artichoke significantly superior to other tubers (carrots, potatoes, turnips, beets, etc.). In addition, the composition of artichoke includes: potassium, calcium, silicon, magnesium, sodium, fluorine, chromium and other Minerals.
Jerusalem artichoke contains cellulose, pectin, organic acids, fats, proteins and essential amino acids. Jerusalem artichoke is rich in vitamins B1, B2, B6, C, PP, carotenoids. Carotene in the Jerusalem artichoke is 60-70 mg per 1 kilogram.
Jerusalem artichoke contains essential amino acids: arginine, valine, lysine, len etc. In the Jerusalem artichoke is high in fiber. All this makes the artichoke a product, just an essential product for maintaining health. Especially appreciated the artichoke that its roots are rich in natural insulin analogue – inulin. That is why the Jerusalem artichoke is recommended, first and foremost, patients with diabetes mellitus.
Dangerous properties of Jerusalem artichoke
It is worth noting that both beneficial and harmful properties of artichoke is still not fully understood. However, today scientists claim that this product is absolutely safe in the absence of hypersensitivity to it.
In addition, doctors are advised to limit the consumption of raw Jerusalem artichoke in the presence of flatulence, as it can cause excess gas in the intestines, and thus worsen the patient’s condition.
Moreover, despite a range of its medicinal properties, nutritionists still recommend the use of Jerusalem artichoke in combination with a balanced diet to achieve maximum positive effect and not hurt yourself.