Flu varieties, symptoms and treatment

Грипп: разновидности, симптомы и лечение

The flu is a viral infection that negatively affects the functioning of the nose, throat and lungs. This disease spreads very quickly, causing seasonal epidemics. If you know the symptoms of the flu, there is a chance to avoid complications.

The contents

  • 1 the Flu: symptoms
  • 2 How to distinguish a flu from ORVI
  • 3 Influenza in Ukraine
  • 4 Intestinal flu
  • 5 Swine flu
  • 6 Bird flu
  • 7 Influenza pneumonia
  • 8 Spanish flu
  • 9 How to treat the flu

Flu: symptoms

Basic signs of flu: body temperature rises up to forty degrees, there is weakness and headache, chills, dizziness, fear of light, heavy sweating, dryness and redness in the throat, pain in muscles and joints is aching in nature, concerned rhinitis.

How to distinguish a flu from ORVI

To diagnose the disease can only the results. External signs of the flu that differ from the symptoms of SARS, as the disease attacks abruptly (the temperature rises to 39-40 degrees), the eyes become red, itchy and watery.

When cold, the disease develops less rapidly: the temperature rises to 38 degrees (and maximum level), the patient was worried about a sore throat, runny nose, sometimes bronchitis and otitis media.

If the patient has doubt, like the flu or a cold in the pharmacy you can buy special test for the flu. It includes everything you need to take a sample of the lining of the mouth and ten minutes to answer a troubling question.

Грипп: разновидности, симптомы и лечение

The flu in Ukraine

The world health organization predicts that on the territory of Ukraine and across the Northern hemisphere this year will cover four types of flu. The who also clarified the scope of the peak circulation of viruses: December and January (2019-2020).

Intestinal flu

Children have such symptoms: vomit, fever, diarrhea, pain and redness in the throat, pain while swallowing, lack of appetite and lethargic condition.

In adults nausea and vomiting not but decreased appetite, fever and the stool becomes liquid.

Doctors recommend vaccination as the only reliable way to protect against flu.

Swine flu

For swine flu is characterized by such symptoms as fever (not always), cough, sore throat, rhinitis, feeling the aches in the body, tiredness, and sometimes headaches and vomiting.

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Bird flu

The main symptoms that are observed in patients with avian influenza: the temperature reaches 39 degrees, fever (10 — 12 days), headache, cough with sputum (may be blood), develop bronchitis and rhinitis. More patients may be concerned about diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain. In rare cases, it develops nervous system, liver and kidneys.

Грипп: разновидности, симптомы и лечение

Influenza pneumonia

The symptoms of influenza pneumonia: high fever that is difficult to reduce antipyretic drugs, cough (wet and dry), shortness of breath, characterized by pain and wheezing in the chest.

Spanish flu

One hundred years ago the “Spanish flu” (Spanish flu) killed about a hundred million people. This disease is spread worldwide in the 1918-1919 epidemic Began during the First world war. It is believed that the cause of the disease became unsanitary conditions and poor food in military camps and among refugees.

Lately scientists believe that soon the inhabitants of the Earth will face a similar illness. So, in 1918, 1957, 1968, 1977 and 2009 humanity has struggled with various viruses of animal origin.

How to treat the flu

The patient must comply with bed rest, drink plenty of fluids, take antiviral meds and antibiotics. Doctors recommend inhalations with essential oils, doing steam baths for the feet, often ventilate the room and do packs of mustard. The warming of the body can be done only after reducing the peak temperature.