The drone struck the toe of the wing and went deep into his caisson.
Researchers from the University of Dayton in Ohio conducted an experiment whose goal was to determine whether a collision of aircraft with the drone to lead to any serious consequences, informs Rus.Media.
During the experiment, researchers pushed the drone DJI Phantom 4 with a wing from a light aircraft, and the speed of the UAV at the moment of collision was 383 miles per hour. It is a typical speed for a small aircraft.
According to the Federal aviation administration, monthly U.S. recorded an average of 250 messages to pilots of dangerous proximity to Konami during landing and takeoff. At the same time every year the number of purchased drones is growing: they fly in parks, near airports, are used to survey roads. In October last year in new York was first recorded in the history of the collision of a drone and helicopters, and in Canada – a drone and a passenger aircraft.
While aviation authorities do not yet have a clear idea of how dangerous drones to helicopters and airplanes, as data about collisions of drones with the aircraft very little. To obtain such data at the present time in several countries, including USA, China, UK, conducted experiments in which scientists faced drones of different classes with different elements of the design of these airplanes and helicopters.
In the experiment conducted by researchers from the University of Dayton, drone DJI Phantom 4 collided with the front edge of the wing light aircraft. In the result of collision of a unmanned punched toe wing and plunged into the caisson, bent the stringers and inner tubing. The drone has entered the inside of the wing as a whole. The researchers argue that such damage in the event of a real collision would not lead to serious consequences, however, if flight speed was higher, the drone could be the cause of the crash.
In November last year, the organization ASSURE announced that mullety and small unmanned aerial vehicles aircraft type in the collision represent a much greater danger to passenger aircraft than birds. To such conclusion experts came at the end of the study, commissioned by the Federal office of civil aviation USA. It turned out that the most resistant to the ingress drones have windscreens of aircraft, while the front edge of the wing and engines in contact with them drones receive serious injuries.
In 2017 ended the previous work of the European aviation safety Agency aimed at hazard study of drones for aircraft. In addition, a similar study was conducted by QinetiQ on the order of the British aviation authorities. In General, the researchers came to the conclusion that at low speeds, small drones are not a threat to aircraft.