Diphtheria: ways of infection and symptoms

Дифтерия: пути заражения и симптомы

Infectious diphtheria affects the organs of the cardiovascular, respiratory and nervous system.Mortality from the disease is 50%, so it is considered more dangerous than measles. What are the symptoms give diphtheria and why you should not ignore vaccination against disease?

The contents

  • 1 modes of transmission of diphtheria
  • 2 Diphtheria: symptoms
  • 3 Complications of diphtheria
  • 4 Diphtheria: treatment
  • 5 Diphtheria: vaccination

Ways of infection with diphtheria

The causative agent of diphtheria is the virus of diphtheria bacilli. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact. Most often, the virus enters the body through the skin, the eyes, wounds or mucous membranes of the genitals.

It is worth noting that there are people who may not be aware of the presence of diphtheria bacilli in the body. She lives in their nasal cavity, and propagated by means of the sputum you cough or sneeze.

Дифтерия: пути заражения и симптомы

Diphtheria: symptoms

The incubation period of the disease is from two to seven days.

Signs of diphtheria: pain is felt in the throat, hoarseness, fever up to 38-40 degrees, fever, swollen neck and the mucosa of the oropharynx, plaque on the tonsils is gray, increased cervical and submandibular lymph nodes. The patient complains of weakness, headache, and leather covers fade.

Complications of diphtheria

When diphtheria toxin enters the blood, it leads to disruption of protein synthesis by the cells, causing them to die. Complications from infectious diseases, the Airways are blocked, damaged heart muscle and the nervous system can be observed nephrosonephritis, toxic shock, or pneumonia.

Дифтерия: пути заражения и симптомы

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Diphtheria: treatment

All those who are not fortunate enough to be sick with diphtheria, are subject to hospitalization. Hospitalized patients administered diphtheria serum. However, this is not an absolute guarantee of recovery: the risk of death is high enough. Prevention lowers disease risk.

Diphtheria: vaccination

Diphtheria in Ukraine in the current year is an epidemic. This is due to the fact that a large number of people refusing vaccinations does not make them children.

Doctors advise to get vaccinated against the disease. It is worth noting that even the vaccination does not give absolute guarantee that the person will not get sick from this disease.

There are positive aspects of this prevention: the man after her is easier dealing with the symptoms of the disease and the procedure of vaccination is free.