These artifacts are surprising.
Perhaps archaeologist — is not the most breathtaking profession, but it definitely has its exciting moments. Of course, not every day archaeologists find valuable mummies, but occasionally you can stumble upon something truly amazing, whether ancient computers, massive underground armies or the mysterious remains. We bring you the most amazing archaeological finds in history, reports the Chronicle.info with reference to the Telegraph.
1. The Venetian vampire
Today, every schoolboy knows that in order to kill a vampire, you need to put a stake through he heart, but hundreds of years ago it was not considered the only method. Let me introduce you to the ancient alternative — the brick through the mouth. Think for yourself. How to make a vampire not to drink blood? Of course, to fill his mouth with cement to satiety. The skull, which you see in this photo, were found by archaeologists on the outskirts of Venice in a mass grave.
2. Dump children
At the end of this post you probably realize that throughout the long history of people (at least in the past) were supporters of cannibalism, sacrifices and torture. For example, not so long ago a few archaeologists conducted excavations in sewer channels under the Roman/Byzantine bath in Israel and stumbled upon something truly horrifying… at the bones of children. And there were so many. For some reason, someone upstairs decided to get rid of many of the children remains, simply throwing them in the sewer.
3. Sacrifices of the Aztecs
Although historians have long known that the Aztecs held many bloody holidays with sacrifices, in 2004, near the modern city of Mexico were found a terrible thing — many dismembered and mutilated bodies of both humans and animals has shed light on the terrible rituals that have been practiced for a few hundred years ago.
4. The terracotta army
This huge terracotta army was buried with the body of Qin Shi Huang — the first Emperor of China. Apparently, the soldiers had to guard his earthly ruler in the afterlife.
5. Screaming mummies
Sometimes the Egyptians did not take into account the fact that if you do not tie the jaw to the skull, in the end, it appears as if the man screaming before death. Although this phenomenon is observed in many of the mummies, the less terrifying it becomes. Sometimes archaeologists find mummies who like really cried before death for some (most likely not the most pleasant) reasons. In the photo the mummy, which he called “Unknown man E”. It found Gaston Maspero in 1886.
6. The first leper
Leprosy (leprosy), also called Hansen’s disease, is not contagious, but suffered from it, people often lived beyond society because of his external deformities. As in the Hindu tradition, the corpses are cremated, the skeleton in the photo, which is called the first leper, was buried outside the city.
7. Ancient chemical weapons
In 1933 archaeologist Robert du Mesnil du Buisson excavated under the remains of the ancient Roman-Persian battlefield when I came across some siege tunnels dug under the city. In the tunnels he found the bodies of 19 Roman soldiers who had died desperately trying to escape from something and one Persian soldier, clinging to his chest. Most likely, when the Romans heard the Persians digging a tunnel under their city, they decided to dig their own to counter them. The problem was that the Persians found out about it and set a trap. As soon as the Roman soldiers descended into the tunnel, they were met with burning sulfur and bitumen, and this infernal mixture, as is known, is converted in the human lung poison.
8. Rosetta stone
Discovered in 1799 by a French soldier, which were dug that time in the Egyptian sand, the Rosetta stone has become one of the greatest archaeological finds to date and the main source of modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs. The stone is a fragment of a larger stone on which is written the decree of king Ptolemy V (around 200 BCE), translated into three languages — Egyptian hieroglyphics, demotic and Greek letter.
9. Balls Diquis
Also referred to as stone spheres of Costa Rica. Scientists believe that these petroperu, almost perfect balloons, which are now in the mouth of the river Diquis, cut around the turn of the Millennium. But no one can say for sure what were they used for and for what purpose was created. It can be assumed that they were symbols of heavenly bodies or indicate the boundaries between the lands of different tribes. Parascientific authors often claim that these “perfect” areas could not be made by the hands of ancient people, and bind them with the activities of space aliens.
10. The man from Grauballe
Mummified bodies found in bogs, not uncommon for archaeology, but it is a body called Grauballe Man is unique. He not only perfectly preserved with intact hair and nails, the scientists were also able to establish the cause of his death according to findings collected on or around the body. Judging by the large neck wound from ear to ear, it was like he was sacrificed to ask the gods for a good harvest.
11. Desert snakes
At the turn of the twentieth century the pilots detected a series of low stone walls in the Israeli Negev desert, and since they are confusing scientists. Walls could be more than 64 km in length, and they are called “kites”, as they are very similar from the air reptiles. But recently scientists have come to the conclusion that the wall was used by the hunters to corral large animals in cages or dropping them off cliffs, where they could easily kill several at a time.
12. Ancient Troy
Troy — a city well known for its history and legends (and valuable archaeological finds). He was in the North-West of Anatolia in modern Turkey. In 1865, English archaeologist Frank Calvert found a trench in a field which he bought from a local farmer in Hissarlik, and in 1868 a wealthy German businessman and archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann also began to excavate in this area once met with Calvert in çanakkale. In the end they found the ruins of this ancient city, whose existence many centuries was considered a legend.
13. Figurines Of Acambaro
This collection of more than 33 thousands of miniature clay figurines that were discovered in 1945 in the ground near Acambaro, Mexico. The find includes many small figures reminiscent of both people and dinosaurs. Although most scientific societies now agree that these figures were part of a sophisticated Scam, at first, their discovery created a furor.
14. A lot of the Antikythera mechanism
Found the wreckage of the ship near the Greek island of Antikythera at the turn of the twentieth century. This device, which 2000 years, is considered the world’s first scientific calculator. With dozens of gears it can accurately determine the location of the sun, moon, and planets simple data entry. Although disputes about its precise application continues, it definitely proves that even 2,000 years ago, civilization has made huge steps towards mechanical engineering.
15. Rapa Nui
Known as Easter Island, this place is one of the most isolated places in the world. It is thousands of miles from the Chilean coast. But the most amazing part of this place not even the fact that people generally managed to get him to settle in, and the fact that they managed to build huge stone heads around the island.
16. The tomb of sunken skulls
Excavated at the dry bottom of the lake in Motala, of Swedish archaeologists came across several skulls sticking out of them with sticks. But this, apparently, was not enough: in one skull, scientists have found pieces of other skulls. Whatever happened to these people 8,000 years ago, it was creepy.
17. The map of Piri-Reis.
This map dates from the early 1500-ies. It with amazing accuracy shows the outline of South America, Europe and Africa. Apparently, it was General and cartographer Piri Reis (hence the map name) from the fragments of dozens of other cards.
18. The Nazca Lines
Hundreds of years these lines were almost under the feet of archaeologists, but found them only in the early 1900s for the simple reason that they were impossible to see unless viewed from a bird’s flight. There were many explanations — from UFOs to the technically advanced civilization. The most plausible explanation is that the Nazca were awesome by the surveyors, although the reason they drew such a huge geoglyphs, is still unknown.
19. The Dead sea scrolls
Like Rosetta stone, the Dead sea scrolls are one of the most important archaeological finds of the last century. They contain the earliest copies of biblical texts (150 BC).
20. MoA of mount Owen
In 1986 the expedition, all more deepened to the cave system of mount Owen in New Zealand when I came across a huge part of the legs, which you now see. It was so well preserved that it seemed as if her owner died recently. But it later emerged that the paw belonged to a MoA, a huge prehistoric bird, with a terrible set of sharp claws.