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Today, June 28, Ukraine celebrates the day of the main law – the Constitution.
The Constitution of Ukraine was adopted by the Verkhovna Rada on 28 June 1996, at 9:20 am. It defines the basis of social and state system, rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the organization and functioning of bodies of state power and bodies of local self-government
Podrobnosti.ua gathered for you some interesting facts about the main law of Ukraine.
The Constitution of Ukraine was prepared six years, from 1990 to 1996. Its adoption was very slow confrontation of the President and Parliament, which was due to the prolonged socio-economic crisis in Ukraine.
There was 15 of the draft Constitution – Constitutional Commission and political parties and, of course, scientists. One even offered to restore the Soviet form of government and re-join the Union.
The most problematic and pressing issue at the time of adoption of the Constitution was separation of powers. In addition to this heated debate has caused the choice of symbols, private property, the Russian language and the status of Crimea.
Active period of work on the main state law lasted three months. During this time, contributed more than six thousand edits. The Commission worked on the Constitution all three months without days off, from 9.00 to 22.00.
Meeting of the Verkhovna Rada on the adoption of the basic law took a day. 27 June 1996 it was decided to consider the project without breaks and during one meeting. The heated debate lasted all the time, but deputies managed to agree on all provisions of the Constitution. At 9.20 on 28 June voted for the Constitution in General and “for” in favor of 315 MPs out of 300 needed. Then sounded for the first time approved a document, the national anthem of Ukraine.
“Yea Constitution!”, – first words of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Oleksandr Moroz after the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine
The adoption of the Constitution was under threat because of the decree of the President. On the eve of the vote, Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma announced the holding of the national referendum of 25 September 1996 on the adoption of the new Constitution. After the vote, the Supreme For the decree was repealed.
Constitution day of Ukraine – the only official holiday, enshrined in the Constitution itself. This is article 161: “the day of the adoption of the Constitution of Ukraine is the state holiday – the Constitution Day of Ukraine”.
The international community approved the Constitution of Ukraine, calling it one of the most democratic in the world.
Photos and videos of the fateful meeting of the Supreme For a look.